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Ranald MacDonald Burial Site

Painting of Ranald MacDonald

Ranald MacDonald was buried in an Indian Cemetery on the east side of Customs Road, on a knoll overlooking the Kettle River. His grave site has the distinction of being the smallest state park in Washington State.

Painting of Ranald MacDonald

Painting of Ranald MacDonald

A great man rests in a small cemetery overlooking the gently flowing Kettle River….

Ten and a half miles from Curlew, Washington in a small, lonely graveyard overlooking the Kettle River, lies the remains of Ranald MacDonald, who was a sailor, a gold miner, a writer, an explorer, and (briefly) a teacher. Relatively unknown to the citizens of his own country, MacDonald is fondly remembered by the Japanese for the role he played in helping them learn more about the English language and Western culture.

Recognized by many as Japan’s first English teacher, Ranald MacDonald was born February 3, 1824 in Fort George (Astoria, Oregon). He was the oldest son of Archibald MacDonald, a Hudson’s Bay Company clerk, and Chinook Princess Raven (Koale’zoa). After his mother died, his mother’s sister cared for the infant MacDonald at the Chinook Concomly lodge. He rejoined his father upon his father’s marriage to a frontier woman named Jane Klyne.

Educated when he was young by his father, MacDonald began his formal education at Ball Academy at Fort Vancouver in Oregon and completed his education at the Red River Academy in Winnipeg. At the wish of his father, at 15 he accepted an apprenticeship at a bank in Ontario, but abandoned his apprenticeship to become a sailor.

Detail of historical marker: Ranald MacDonald and Jenny Lynch nee MacDonald.

Detail of historical marker: Ranald MacDonald and Jenny Lynch nee MacDonald.

In 1845, MacDonald signed on to the whaling ship Plymouth and served there as a harpooner and a navigator. Long fascinated by the mysteries of Japan, in 1848 (as his ship sailed the Sea of Japan) MacDonald struck a bargain with the ship’s captain. In exchange for MacDonald’s whaling profits, MacDonald asked to be given a small boat and put to sea near Japan’s shoreline. MacDonald understood that he was risking death or imprisonment by defying the Imperial Japanese edict which denied foreign access to Japan, but he was reportedly curious to learn if there was any ancestral relationship between the Japanese and his own Native American relatives.

Ferry County Historical Society historical mural.

Ferry County Historical Society’s historical mural.

In June 1848 he set out alone for the coast of Japan. Before making land, he partially swamped his boat in the hopes of convincing the Japanese that he was a castaway. On July 1, 1848, he was rescued by Ainu fisherman on Rishiri Island near the shores of Hokaido, Japan. He was taken captive by the Japanese and ultimately transported to Nagasaki where he stood trial. When questioned by his captors, MacDonald claimed to be the victim of a shipwreck and claimed to have peaceful intentions. Officials accepted MacDonald’s story and sentenced him to house arrest for his illegal entry into Japan.

Detail of historical marker: Archibald MacDonald and Princess Raven.

Detail of historical marker: Archibald MacDonald and Princess Raven.

Well treated by his captors, MacDonald was put to work teaching them English. For the next seven months, he shared his language and culture with fourteen Japanese students, including Moriyama, the translator who helped MacDonald negotiate his trial and later helped negotiate a trade agreement between Japan’s government and Admiral Perry, which helped open Japan to the West.

In April 1849, the American warship Preble arrived in Nagasaki looking for survivors of the Lagoda, an American whaler, that had wrecked on the Japanese coast. When the commander of the Preble learned that MacDonald was in Nagasaki they secured his release. MacDonald was then transported to Macau.

After he left Japan, MacDonald briefly returned to the U.S., then resumed his travels, beginning with Australia, where he enjoyed success as a miner in the gold fields in Ballarat. As an employee of the Canadian government, he joined the Brown expedition to explore minerals on Vancouver Island and later led a similar successful expedition to the Horsefly Mining District.

Ranald MacDonald's grave and overlook

Ranald MacDonald’s grave and overlook.

In 1882, at 60 years of age, MacDonald joined his brother Donald at the abandoned Hudson’s Bay Fort Covile, where his father had once been Chief Factor. There he claimed 156 acres of land near the Columbia River and built a cabin. (The cabin is now located under water.) In the following years, he continued to pan for gold in the gold-rich creeks that fed the Kettle and Columbia rivers. In the summer of 1894, Jenny Nelson Lynch, the daughter of his half brother Benjamin, drove a horse and buggy across Sherman Pass to bring a very ill Macdonald back with her to her home in Curlew, Washington. She intended to nurse him back to health, but he died soon after in her cabin above Toroda Creek. It is said that his last words to her were, “Sayonara my dear, sayonara.”

Location

Ranald MacDonald was buried in an Indian Cemetery on the east side of Customs Road, on a knoll overlooking the Kettle River, 10-1/2 miles north of Curlew, Washington. His grave site has the distinction of being the smallest state park in Washington State. Open daily; year round.

Ranald MacDonald headstone

Ranald MacDonald’s headstone.

Traveling north on Hwy 21 turn left on Kettle River Road; travel 9-1/2 miles and then turn right at the bridge crossing the Kettle River. From the bridge, turn left on to Customs Road (unmarked). Watch for signs marking the grave site (it’s easy to miss the cemetery entrance). Note: The Ferry County Historical Society’s mural is located approximately one mile from the gravesite.

Additional Information

The Ferry County Historical Society conceived the design and comissioned artist Charlene Peyton-Holt to paint an attractive and informational mural to commemorates the life of Ranald MacDonald. They received financial help from the Ferry County Commissioners and the Curlew Job Corps. The mural is located approximately one mile from the entrance to the cemetery. For more information about Ranald MacDonald, contact:

The Ferry County Historical Society:   Visit the page dedicated to Ranald MacDonald and download the informative article by Mary Stow Warring, “Who Was Ranald MacDonald.”

Secretary of State History Site – Ferry County History

Wikipedia article about Ranald MacDonald

Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online

6 Comments Post a comment
  1. In 1923 the Eastern Washington State Historical Society published a book about Ranald MacDonald which was edited and annotated from the original manuscripts by William S. Lewis and Naojiro Murakami. This is a limited edition publication of 1,000 copies only. It was printed by The Inland-American Printing Company.
    50 of the original copies were reserved for the Historical Society while the remained went to subscribing libraries and individuals. I have copy number 646.
    Jeff den Biesen

    December 29, 2013
  2. Max Stanley #

    Visted Ferry County on a motorcyle adventure from Mill Creek, WA and “stumbled” upon the cemetery. We rode up the gravel road to the Grave site, just barely making it up and back down. A peaceful site that I’m glad we did not miss. We probably could have parked on the fronting road, as there was little to no traffic the whole time we were there.
    An amazing life story and site, in a truly beautiful County. We stayed at Lake Curlew and made day trips around the area. My favorite adventure to date.

    December 4, 2013
  3. For those interested, I wrote a book on MacDonald, titled Native American in the Land of the Shogun: Ranald MacDonald and the Opening of Japan. (Berkeley: Stone Bridge Press, 2003). In a review by Trevor Carolan in the June 2006 issue (No. 63) of Kyoto Journal, it is described as “brilliant, absorbing” and rendered with “the accuracy of a trained academic and the excitement of a skillful novelist.” In 2005, it was named one of the outstanding academic titles of 2004 by Choice Magazine(affiliated with the American Library Association), and described as “A remarkable tour de force, so rich as to defy easy categorization.”

    http://www.amazon.com/o/ASIN/1880656779

    He’s my hero!

    Fred

    May 9, 2013
    • The Sweet Snazzoo #

      I have put several of your books on my Amazon, “Wish List” but was disappointed to learn that they are not available on Kindle. Since I presently live in southeast Asia, VAT and shipping expenses make purchasing a hard copy too expensive. Drat!

      January 21, 2014
  4. yobaba #

    One more thing – the signs pointing the way to the MacDonald grave site are misspelled, e.g., Ranald McDonald rather than the spelling Ranald himself used which was MacDonald with a “Mac”. I wonder how difficult it would be for Ferry County – or Washington State – to remake the signs identifying Ranald’s grave site? [you can contact me at amm@friendsofmacdonald.com]

    June 10, 2012
  5. yobaba #

    Per the directions written above, “Traveling north on Hwy 21 turn right LEFT on Kettle River Road; travel 9-1/2 miles and then turn left RIGHT at the bridge crossing the Kettle River. From the bridge, turn left on to Customs Road (unmarked). Watch for signs marking the grave site (it’s easy to miss the cemetery entrance). Note: The Ferry County Historical Society’s mural is located approximately one mile from the gravesite.

    The cemetery entrance is a barely-improved gravel road to the right of Customs Rd. This goes sharply up the side of the hill and turns back on itself. It is possible to park on the right ‘shoulder’ of Customs Rd. and walk up the incline to the graveyard, esp. if one does not have a 4WD. There are some rather large rocks and potholes in the cemetery drive.

    Also, there is a sign with an arrow that says “Midway” on the corner of the road that goes across the Kettle River [Co. HWY 530 where you turn RIGHT to Customs Rd.] If you follow Customs Rd. past the cemetery drive you eventually come to Midway, a town just across the border into Canada [abt 6 miles].

    Editors note: Thank you! I’ve used your notes to update the article.

    May 13, 2012

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